In brief, the major components of Guwahati's urban structure are:
- The Core or the 'City Centre' with Pan Bazaar, Paltan Bazaar, and Uzan Bazaar
- 61 Tin' Extended Core with Chandmari, Zoo Road and Ulubari U 'I'll e North-Southeast Guwahati-Shillong (GS) Road Corridor '1'110 Southern Sub-Centre of Ganeshguri
- The Western Corridor towards Kamakhya, Jalukbari and Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport
- The Eastern Corridor towards Narengi.
Guwahti's form has tentacles extending in the form of growth corridors towards south, east and west. The core area consists of the old city with Pan Bazaar, Paltan Bazaar, Fancy Bazaar and Uzan Bazaar, each one facilitating unique urban activities. Paltan Bazaar is the hub for transportation and Hotels, Pan Bazaar is centred surrounded educational, administrative, cultural activities, offices and restaurants. Fancy Bazaar is the hub for retail and wholesale commercial activities, and Uzan Bazaar mainly contains administrative, retail and residential areas. The additional parts of this Core are Ulubari, Lachit Nagar, Chandmari and also Zoo Road (now called R.G. Baruah Road). These are the lively, busy and bustling with city life areas.
The most important Corridor is the Guwahati- Shillong Road, better known as G.S. Road. The G.S. Road is about 15 kms from the Core Area and is now a major commercial area with outlets of almost all known retail brands as well as offices along both its sides. The G.S. Road is also a dense residential area along the inner parts, which one has to enter through a multitude of bye lanes. The capital complex of Assam at Dispur is situated in this Corridor. This Corridor has also facilitated the growth of a Southern City Sub-Centre at Ganeshguri, along with other residential areas to the south developed during the past few decades. If one keeps moving towards the west, say about 30 kms, there is a rail-road linking not only Guwahati but also other parts of the North Eastern Region east of Guwahati to western Assam and the rest of India. The corridor links residential and historically important areas such as Nilachal Hill (Kamakhya), Pandu, and Maligaon (headquarters of Northeast Frontier Railways) before it separates into two - one towards North Guwahati and the other continuing west towards LGB International Airport via the University of Guwahati at Jalukbari.
The third major corridor extends towards the east (around 15 km from the City-Centre) linking Noonmati (Guwahati Oil Refinery - IOC Ltd.) and Narengi. This Corridor has also facilitated major residential growth along its sides.
The National Highway NH 37, encircles the city's southern parts. It also links the Southern Corridor in Nine Mile Area to the Western Corridor in Jalukbari by means of a 4- lane Highway which is highly commercialized and is the place where the trucks 'lay bye'. The VIP Road links the Zoo Road with the Eastern Corridor as well as Hengerabari-Narengi. Massive Developments are taking place along these corridors too.