The mandate of the Guwahati Development Department is to oversee the development of Guwahati City through the development works carried out by Guwahati Municipal Corporation and Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority and in some cases by the other Departments of Government of Assam.
The function of the Department is the Administrative control of the Guwahati Municipal Corporation and Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority and to monitor the activities of these two organizations and also to sanction and release fund for the various developmental schemes to be undertaken by these two organizations. Further, the Department is also to construct the Permanent Capital Complex and execute the various developmental schemes under the 'Twelfth Finance Commission and through the funds sanctioned by the COI under NLCPR, One Time Additional Central Assistance and JNNURM.
The GMDA was established in 1992 as per Guwahati Metropolitan Development Authority Act 1985 (amended). It replaced the erstwhile Guwahati Development Authority constituted in 1962 under the Town ad Country Planning Act, 1959 (amended). In order to ensure planned development of the Metropolitan area, GMDA has adopted the Master Plan and Zoning Regulations prepared by the Town and Country Planning Department, Govt. of Assam in the year 1992 and is now in the process of preparing a new Master Plan and Zoning Regulations.
GMDA'S jurisdiction extends over an area of 262 sq. km covering the entire Guwahati Municipal Corporation area, entire North Guwahati. Town Committee area and some revenue villages of Silasundari Ghopa Mouza, Pub Barsar Mouza, Dakhin Rani Mouza, Ramcharani Mouza, Beltola Mouza.
What exactly the GMDA does?
Planning: Preparation of Master Plan and Zoning Regulation Development: Preparation and execution of development schemes. Carry out or cause to be carried out such works as are contemplated the Master Plan.
Regulation and Control: To regulate and control the development though statutory plans and other measures.
Co-ordination: To co-ordinate development activities of other public agencies operating within Guwahati Metropolitan Area. A municipal corporation is the highest form of an urban local body (ULB) in India. Presently, GMC covers an area 216 sq. km under its jurisdiction and it is divided into 60 municipal wards.
The Guwahati Municipal Corporation Act, 1969, set up the GMC.
The main city is situated on the southern bank of the Brahmaputra. At places, the width of the river is 6 to 8 km, while its narrowest portion (1.8 km) is in the location of the famous bridge of Saraighat. There are many permanent and temporary islands and beaches in the river. Umananda a permanent island situated close to the city-centre provides a unique picturesque environment. The natural drainage system consists of the Bharalu River (a tributary of the Brahmaputra) and its inter-linkages to the beels and to the Brahmaputra River. Apart from Bharalu, many small rivers like Morabharalu, Bahini, and Basista flow within the city interconnected with the feeder drains of the city. There are numerous beels spread throughout the city, which largely contribute to aesthetic and natural environments. Deepor Beel, a Ramsar Convention list wetland of international importance, the only such large water reserve of Guwahati adds to its close relation with nature. It is a famous site for the bird fans after being declared a bird sanctuary by the officials. Other water bodies/wetland in the city are Soru Sola Beel and Bor Sola Beel. The Bor-Sola Beel, which is about four times the length of Dighalipukhuri, stretches from behind the Meghdoot Cinema hall and the Nepali Mandir in the Paltan Bazaar locality in the north end to Sarabhatti locality in the south end and is the biggest water body within the city. There are several hills of different sizes and shapes. The hills in the northern areas (Nilachal or Kamakhya Hill in the north-west, Chitrasala or Kharghuli Hill in the north) close to the bank of Brahmaputra, south-central areas (Narakasur Hill, Kalapahar and Fatasil Hill) and eastern area (Narengi, Hengerabari, etc) have in fact guided Guwahati' development in three elongate corridors limiting to the plain areas Many of these hills such as the Nilachal, Chitrachal, Narakasu etc. are famous for their legendary religious and historic importance.
Weather of Guwahati
The climate here is sub tropical and gets very humid. Rainfall in Assam is very heavy and temperature remains more or less moderate throughout the year. The average highest temperature during the months of summer is around 30° C and in winters the average temperature drops to about 10°C. The best time to visit Guwahati is during the months of November to April.
The Meteorological office Guwahati was established at Guwahati Airport on 23-07-1949. It was upgraded to Meteorological Centre on 25-03-1974 and further upgraded to RMC on 01-04-1997. There are 17 field offices under administrative, technical and financial control of RMC Guwahati.
REGIONAL METEOROLOGICAL CENTRE
LGB INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT GUWAHATI, ASSAM (INDIA)
Guwahati - 781015
Phone: 0361 – 2840238