Before the advent of the British there did not seem to be any organised police force in Assam, under the Ahom Kings or earlier. The army as well as the various officers of the kingdom were responsible for the maintenance of peace and safeguarding the lives and properties of the people. On taking over the administration of Assam, the British also did not immediately introduce any revolutionary changes in this respect, and the army was employed in the task of maintaining law and order. Army out posts were also set up in different places for this purpose.
Till 1874, Assam was administratively a part of the British Ruled province of Bengal and administered through an agent of the Governor-General. The police officers were home in the Bengal Cadre and the control and the supervision of the Police department were under the central administration. The police Act of 1861 was introduced in 1962 and the criminal Procedure Code were also brought into operation in the same year.
The strength of police force in Assam at the time of independence was around 8,000. For just 3,352 officers and men in 1874 when Assam was separated from Bengal and placed under the administration of a Chief Commissioner to the strength of 8,000 at the time of independence is not a spectacular development. But the British left behind a disciplined force with a set of rules and regulations, which provided the basic foundation of the present police administration in the state. After independence the police administration in Assam has grown from strength to strength.
There have been significant changes in the police administration at both the horizontal and vertical level. It is relevant to note that with the growth and development of the police administration in the post-colonial era, a number of new branches were established to meet the increasing demands of law and order and also of a peculiar situation obtained in the state, such as the large-scale infiltration of the foreign nationals from across the border causing a serious imbalance in the demographic structure of the state and threatening national security. Some of these newly created
- Bureau of investigation (Economic Offences).
- Special Branch.
- Criminal Investigation Deptt.
- Assam Police Border Organisation.
- Assam Police Radio Organisation.
- Assam River Police Organisation
- State Fire Service Organisation.
- All Women Police Station.
- 9. Establishment of Forensic Science Laboratory.
The Assam Police has grown from strength to strength during the last two decade. In 1980 it had a force of 40,290 and at the end of the 20th century its numerical strength stands at 60,721.
Since its humble origins over a century ago, the Assam Police has made great strides and today it is a well-organised and disciplined force with h long record of useful service behind it. During the course of the past decal the Assam Police has developed proud and healthy traditions of service conduct and though it had its failure and shortcomings, it has been able to play its part with credit and distinction and its record and perform at have been as good and as worthy as that of any other police force in India.
The Assam Police is slowly adjusting itself to the changing circumstances and is working towards the ideal of a Police Force of a Welfare State efforts and service will be to serve the interest of the people and unlike the past, is no longer an oppressive arm of an alien administration.
Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems (CCTNS) Objectives:
- Make the Police functioning citizen friendly and more transparent by automating the functioning of Police Stations.
- Improve delivery of citizen-centric services through effective usage of ICT.
- Provide the Investigating Officers of the Civil Police with tools, technology and information to facilitate investigation of crime and detection of criminals.
- Improve Police functioning in various other areas such as Law and Order, Traffic Management etc.
- Facilitate Interaction and sharing of Information among Police Stations, Districts, and State/UT headquarters and of her Police Agencies.
- Assist senior Police Officers in better management of Police Force
- Keep track of the progress of cases, including in courts.
- Reduce manual and redundant Records keeping.