Situated between the southern bank of the Brahmaputra river and the foothills of the Shillong plateau, with LGB International Airport to the west, and the town of Narengi to the east, Guwahati formerly Pragyotishpura (Sanskrit word meaning city of eastern light), was the capital of Ancient state of Kamarupa. A metropolis, Guwahati is the largest city of Assam in India and ancient urban area in North East India. It is also the largest metropolitan area in north-eastern India. It is said to be the "Gateway" of the North East Region. History says that Guwahati is one of the ancient cities of Asia. References of the city have been made in many a traditional I its tory books like the Puranas and other such epics. A lot of myth is also woven around Guwahati which goes back several thousands of years. But I Ile exact date when the city began is still not known so clearly.
Epigraphically speaking, Guwahati can be seen to be the place where capitals of many ancient kingdoms were established. It is said that Ch ovahati was the capital of the 'mythological' kings Narakasura and 13Itagadatta according to the Mahabharata. The ancient Sakti temple of Goddess Kamakhya located in Nilachal hill, the ancient and unique im I rological temple Navagraha located in Chitrachal Hill, and archaeological remains in Basistha and other locations support such My I I lological assertions.